Definition of Applied Linguistics ( Revision )

Heni Indriana

2201410036

Monday, 101-102

1. Applied linguistics is an area of work that deals with language use in professional settings, translation, speech pathology, literacy, and language education; and it is not merely the application of linguistic knowledge to such settings but is a semi autonomous and interdisciplinary . . . domain of work that draws on but is not dependent on areas such as sociology, education, anthropology, cultural studies, and psychology.”

            (Alastair Pennycook, Critical Applied Linguistics: A Critical Introduction. Routledge, 2001)

2. “Applied linguistics began life in the 1950s as a postgraduate qualification. Its initial target, largely language teaching, has always been practical, policy-oriented. Its preparation at postgraduate level has been multidisciplinary and, as in mathematics, there is a continuing tension between pure (general, theoretical) linguistics and applied linguistics. It does not expect its conclusions to be buttressed with certainty (and it is unclear whether theoretical linguistics or any other social science can expect that, either). For applied linguistics, there is no finality: the problems such as how to assess language proficiency, what is the optimum age to begin a second language, what distinguishes native and non-native speakers, how we can treat memory loss, these problems may find local and temporary solutions but the problems recur. No doubt, once again, the same may be said of theoretical linguistics: whether all grammars are fundamentally one grammar; what the relation is between the sign and the referent; answers are partial, never final the problems remain.”

(Alan Davies, An Introduction to Applied Linguistics: From Practice to Theory, 2nd ed. Edinburgh Univ. Press, 2007)

The term ‘applied linguistics’ refers to a broad range of activities which involve solving some language-related problem or addressing some language-related concern.

G. Richard Tucker.(n.d).Applied Linguistic. Retrieved on 17th March from http://lsadc.org/info/ling-fields-applied.cfm

3. Applied linguistics is a discipline which explores the relations between theory and practice in language with particular reference to issues of language use. It embraces contexts in which people use and learn languages and is a platform for systematically addressing problems involving the use of language and communication in real-world situations. Applied linguistics draws on a range of disciplines, including linguistics. In consequence, applied linguistics has applications in several areas of language study, including language learning and teaching, the psychology of language processing, discourse analysis, stylistics, corpus analysis, literacy studies and language planning and policies.

Dawn Knight.2009.What is Applied Linguistic. Retrieved on 17th March from http://www.scribd.com/doc/16212220/What-is-Applied-Linguistics

4. Applied linguistics is an attempt to provide a theoretical basis for the activities of language teaching

Richards, J.C., Platt, J. & Weber, H. (1985) Longman Dictionary of Applied Linguistics, London: Longman

5. One answer to this question is that it is the study of language in order to address real-world concerns. Another is that it is the study of language, and language-related topics, in specified situations. The real-world concerns include language learning and teaching but also other issues such as professional communication, literacies, translation practices, language and legal or health issues, and many more. Applied linguistics is practically-oriented, but it is also theory driven and interdisciplinary. Models of how languages are learned and stored, for example, are ‘applied linguistics’, as are descriptions of individual language varieties that prioritise actual and contextualised language use.

Susan Hunston.2009.What is Applied Linguistic. Retrieved on 17th March from http://www.scribd.com/doc/16212220/What-is-Applied-Linguistics

6. Applied linguistics is a broadly interdisciplinary field concerned with promoting our understanding of the role language plays in human life. At its centre are theoretical and empirical investigations of real-world issues in which lang uage plays a leading role. Applied linguistics focuses on the relationship between theory and practice, using the insights gained from the theory-practice interface for solving language-related problems in a principled way.

Juliane House.2009.What is Applied Linguistic. Retrieved on 17th March from http://www.scribd.com/doc/16212220/What-is-Applied-Linguistics

7. “Applied linguistics is any attempt to work with language in a critical and reflective way, with some ultimate practical goal in mind that includes (amongst other things): deliberately trying to learn (or teach) a foreign language or to develop your ability in your native language: overcoming a language impairment; translating from one language to another: editing a piece of writing in a linguistically thoughtful way, and doing any research or developing any ideas or tools which aim to help people do these sorts of things” (Phil Durrant,2009)

Taken from Phil Durrant. 2009. Retrieved on 17th March 2013 from http://www.cambridge.org/elt

 8. It is belief that linguistics can offer insights and ways forward in the resolution of problems related to language in a wide variety of contexts that underlies the very existence of the discipline usually called applied linguistics. (McCarty, 2001, 1)

McCarthy, Michael. 2001. Issues in Applied Linguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

 9. “Applications of linguistics range from research application of a theoretical nature to quite practical tasks where problems have to be solved,” and he enumerates understanding the nature and functions of language, the commonalities and differences between languages, how languages evolve through time, how child language develops, how language has developed in humans, the quality of texts, variation in language, literary and poetic texts and verbal art, the relation between language and culture, language and situation, the role of language in the community and in the individual, including bilingualism, the relation between language and the brain, the languages of the Deaf, help in learning foreign languages, training translators and interpreters, diagnosing speech pathology, legal adjudication (forensic linguistics), computer software to produce and understand texts and to translate systems of speech production and reception.

Halliday, M.A.K. 1985. An Introduction to Functional Grammar. London: Edward Arnold in Gramley, Stephen and Vivian Gramley. 2008. Bielefeld Introduction to Applied Linguistics. Magdeburg: Aisthesis Verlag.

 10. “Applied Linguistics itself may be seen as an autonomous, problem-solving disciple, concerned broadly with language (mainly, but not exclusively second language) education and language problems in society” (Steve McDonough, 2002).

Taken from Steve McDonough, 2002. Retrieved on 17th March 2013 http://homepage.ntlworld.com/vivian.c/AppliedLinguistics/AppLingDefining.html

In my opinion, applied linguistics is the application of theory into practical that is used to solve problems involving the use of language and communication in real-world situations.

references

1. (Alastair Pennycook, Critical Applied Linguistics: A Critical Introduction. Routledge, 2001)

2. (Alan Davies, An Introduction to Applied Linguistics: From Practice to Theory, 2nd ed. Edinburgh Univ. Press, 2007)

3. G. Richard Tucker.(n.d).Applied Linguistic. Retrieved from http://lsadc.org/info/ling-fields-applied.cfm

4. Dawn Knight.2009.What is Applied Linguistic. Retrieved from http://www.scribd.com/doc/16212220/What-is-Applied-Linguistics

5. Susan Hunston.2009.What is Applied Linguistic. Retrieved from http://www.scribd.com/doc/16212220/What-is-Applied-Linguistics

6. Juliane House.2009.What is Applied Linguistic. Retrieved from http://www.scribd.com/doc/16212220/What-is-Applied-Linguistics

7.    Phil Durrant. 2009. Retrieved on 17th March 2013 from http://www.cambridge.org/elt

8. McCarthy, Michael. 2001. Issues in Applied Linguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

9. Arnold in Gramley, Stephen and Vivian Gramley. 2008. Bielefeld Introduction to Applied Linguistics. Magdeburg: Aisthesis Verlag.

10.       Steve McDonough, 2002. Retrieved on 17th March 2013 http://homepage.ntlworld.com/vivian.c/AppliedLinguistics/AppLingDefining.html

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